'Fake Me Hard', AVL Mundo, Rotterdam (NL)
30 June 2021 – 15 August 2021
(during Rotterdam Art Week)
On the cutting-edge of art and technology, FAKE ME HARD explores the complex reality of the 21st century with futuristic installations by over 40 artists, performances, and debates. Visitors await an uncanny landscape that they can enter safely, each with their own fake profile. Music-making robots set the tone playfully and with humor. A low hanging light haze leads the way. Do algorithms determine what is fact or fiction? Are human narratives slowly becoming irrelevant? How to survive the post-truth society?In the year 2021, we can no longer afford to feign that technology is neutral. In these times of deepfake videos and populism, it is becoming increasingly difficult to tell the difference between ‘real’ and ‘not real’.
Every day from 10.00 – 19.00 Keileweg 18, RotterdaTickets (will go on sale soon)
Atelier Van Lieshout artwork on display: Diorama (2020 – ongoing)
Hagioscoop, MDD Museum, Deinze (BE)
26 July 2020 – Summer 2021
Blast Furnace, Art OMI, Ghent NY, (USA)
25 May 2019 – Summer 2021
De Afbreekeconomie, Boijmans in the City – Museum Boijmans van Beuningen, Rotterdam (NL)
RAUM der Lusten, RAUM, Utrecht (NL)
30 April 2021 – 29 August 2021
50th edition, IFFR, Rotterdam (NL)
2 June 2021 – 6 June 2021
Love in a Mist, Bureau Europa, Maastricht (NL)
14 February 2021 – 15 August 2021
Tij, Tijd, Tijdelijkheid, IJsselbiënnale, (NL)
18 June 2021 – 18 September 2021
Fake Me Hard, AVL Mundo, Rotterdam (NL)
30 June 2021 – 15 August 2021
Amsterdam Sculptuur Biënnale, ARTZUID, Amsterdam (NL)
1 July 2021 – 17 October 2021
Kunst aan de Schinkel, Soledad Senlle Art Foundation, Amsterdam (NL)
25 July 2021 – 5 September 2021
World Expo 2020, The Netherlands Pavilion, Dubai (UAE)
1 October 2021 – 31 March 2022
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'50th Edition', IFFR, Rotterdam (NL)
2 June 2021 – 6 June 2021
Bringing your favourite film to the market square, Atelier Van Lieshout’s Werner – Guerilla Cinema is a cinema on wheels visiting neighbourhoods in Rotterdam. The vehicle, a colossus that balances between tractor and armoured vehicle, has been converted into a mobile cinema specially for the International Film Festival Rotterdam (IFFR). The name is a tribute to cinema daredevil Werner Herzog.
Atelier Van Lieshout artwork on display: Werner (2021)
‘RAUM der Lusten’, Berlijnplein, Utrecht (NL)
30 April 2021 – 29 August 2021
CityLab RAUM in Utrecht has joined with architecture bureau ZUS to host the open-air exhibition ‘RAUM der Lusten‘. The exhibition at the Berlijnplein in Utrecht presents an exciting alternative to the often-monotonous design of our public spaces.
The concept for RAUM der Lusten was inspired by the iconic painting The Garden of Earthly Delights’ by Hieronymus Bosch. Like the painting, the exhibition is a triptych of three landscapes: ‘Paradise’, ‘The World’ and ‘Hell’. The visitor is an integral element of the exhibition, in which each landscape offers a unique experience through its individual programme and works on display.
In the ‘Paradise’ dune landscape by Studio Ossidiana, visitors can lounge, play and enjoy a bite to eat. ‘The World’, designed by architecture bureau ZUS, emphasises collectivity, with an expansive community kitchen garden as its focal point. In the dark, infernal ‘Hell’ landscape, you can find work by artists Maarten Baas, Atelier Van Lieshout and Andrea Hasler.
The exhibition offers plenty to explore and experience; from playful strolls to podcasts, film screenings and foraging tours. For the full programme of events, see the RAUM website.
Atelier Van Lieshout artworks on view: BarRectum (2005)
‘Love in a Mist’, Timmerfabriek, Maastricht (NL)
14 February 2021 – 15 August 2021
This exhibition interweaves narratives about the architecture of fertility, the space shaped by social attitudes, and the women who ensure a better future for upcoming generations. At this exhibition’s core are the heroines, the ladies on the barricades, the spatial consequences of the struggle for self-determination of the body and fertility regulation.
Bureau Europa invited curator Malkit Shoshan (Harvard Graduate School of Architecture and Design) to present her research and exhibition project Love in a Mist. Bureau Europa’s curator Remco Beckers elaborates on the exhibition through the prism of our region’s context
Atelier Van Lieshout artwork on display: The Womb (2003)
‘World Expo 2020’, Netherlands Pavilion, Dubai (UAE)
1 October 2021 – 31 March 2022
At the Netherlands Pavilion at Expo 2020 in Dubai, designers and artists are shining the spotlight on technological innovation. Not only do they add aesthetic value through the power of their imagination; they also help promote a wider acceptance of new technology, resulting in a more beautiful and better world.
The artistic programme, which was put together by Monique Ruhe, seeks to stimulate the senses. As soon as they enter the semi-sunken pavilion, visitors are surrounded by the fragrance of Mastenbroek polder, an olfactory installation by Birthe Leemeijer. In his photographs Kadir van Lohuizen captures the effects of climate change and contemporary food production in a probing way. Joep van Lieshout’s clocks sound as if they are heralding the end of time. Or is it the dawn of a new age?
The Netherlands Pavilion will be located in the Sustainability District, sharing expertise in the area of water, energy and food – www.dutchdubai.com
‘De Afbreekeconomie’, Boijmans van Beuningen, Online
‘The Breakdown Economy’ is an online exhibition about making and destroying things. It’s not about economic growth and efficient production, but about the limitations of this model. How do we destroy everything that we, as humans, have made? In this discussion you can assume a radical position and lump everything together or adopt a more pragmatic attitude whereby a ‘breakdown economy’ is in balance with nature. What connects all these ideas is not just that things can be done differently, but that they must be done differently.
The research by Studio Klarenbeek & Dros into a world without plastic is placed centrally in this exhibition. They have developed a material called ‘weed-ware’ which is a natural degradable alternative to plastic. Atelier Van Lieshout shows a recent version of ‘Disco Inferno – Happy End of Everything’ (2020) which is an ultimate recycle installation that transforms all the waste we collectively produce into crude oil. Koehorst in ’t Veld presents a graphic representation that shows how the bio-based and the fossil economy have, over time, related to each other.
More information about the project via the Boijmans van Beuningen website.
Announcement – BRUTUS
Artist Joep van Lieshout (Atelier Van Lieshout) and project developer RED Company have joined forces to build a large-scale cultural cluster with residential units, offices and services in Rotterdam’s up and coming M4H port area. Their cooperation heralds a new model for urban renewal that does not automatically push out creatives once neighbourhoods upgrade.
BRUTUS combines culture, living and working in an area with 120 years of industrial history. At its heart lies a cultural cluster measuring at least 7,000 square metres (75,000 ft2). This will house a museum, exhibition spaces, a publicly accessible art depot, an art education unit, workshops, studios and working/living spaces for artists. The outdoor area will feature an open air cinema, a theatre and a sculpture garden.
Click here for the press release
Click here for the press folder
‘Welkom in Leiden?!’, Singelpark Leiden (NL)
2 September 2020 – 1 September 2023
The artworks of “Welcome to Leiden ?!” explore the theme “borders” in the broadest sense of the word, with the human experience as the point of departure. What does a border do to people? And what does a border mean them? During ones walk through the Singelpark, the works present the viewer with a variety of boundaries: psychological and inner boundaries that limit us unnoticed, biological boundaries such as the natural size of a group, borders that lie outside our daily vision, such as those of Europe, the recognizable and threatening visual language of border surveillance, and the boundaries within systems and ideologies and how one can break out of them.
The theme “borders” also immediately remind one of the refugee crisis. Who do we admit, who do we exclude, and why? However, boundaries are also needed to be able to live in freedom: to think and do whatever we want. Freedom for one therefore simultaneously means a restriction for the other. It is within the field of tension between usefulness and necessity, that concept of the “Welcome to Leiden?!” exhibition finds its origin.
Atelier Van Lieshout artworks on view: Cage (2017).
‘KUNST KERSTSTAL’, AVL Mundo, Rotterdam (NL)
19 December 2020 – 6 January 2021
AVL Mundo and Atelier Van Lieshout bring light to these dark days with an Art Nativity Scene in and around the M4H area. A pilgrimage for people between the ages of 8 and 88 who, regardless of their beliefs or disbeliefs, who want to come together in solidarity or because they feel lonely and displaced. Of course, everything with due regard the latest corona measures.
The Art Nativity Scene at the Keileweg is a life-size spectacle, or a diorama, with revolving temple dancers, challenging Hanukkah candlesticks, spoiled godsons, rotating fertility priests, and of course babies as radiant centers.
Ongoing daily is the Christmas Tour Radio Play for the whole family. On December 23, a take-away Christmas dinner will be served for (ex) homeless people and others in vulnerable situations. On the weekends, with a hot chocolate in hand, come listen to the unlicensed Street Musicians that have problems earning money in these difficult times.
Under the adagio “burn a candle for yourself”, together we torch the misery of the past year in the fire pits in the Sculpture Park.
The activities around the KunstKerststal also ring the final bells for the last days of the outdoor exhibition Let’s Get Physical in the M4H area. In a solidarity setting, walk this beautiful route with over 30 statues. In the happy expectation that 2021 may be a better year and that we may leave 2020 behind us.
Entrance is free, registration is not necessary.
Sculpture park AVL Mundo
Keileweg 18, Rotterdam
Mon-Fri 09:00 – 17:00
Weekend 12:00 – 17:00
Except for 25th of December and the 1st of January
‘Let’s Get Physical’, Atelier Van Lieshout, Rotterdam (NL)
18 July 2020 – 3 January 2021
‘Let’s Get Physical’ is a dynamic exploration of the burgeoning industrial Merwe-Vierhaven area in the west of Rotterdam, highlighted through a selection of 30+ Atelier Van Lieshout sculptures at 13 locations. Get your free road map at AVL Mundo Sculpture Park which serves as the sculpture route’s home base. Other participating locations are: Weelde, Keilecafé, Keilepand, Keilewerf, Stichting Dakpark, The Lee Towers, CrossFit Nultien and several publicly accessible venues.
Atelier Van Lieshout artworks on display: Alcoholator (2004), Arschmänner (2004), Autocomposter (2003), AVL Man Waving (1999), BarRectum (2005), Big Boiler (2018), Buffel (2011), Darwin (2008), De Dokwerker (2019), Der Kuss (2008), Excrementus Megalomanus (2019), Family (2020), Fermenting Vessel with Man (2004), Food Reaktor (2013), Helpers (2014), Horn of Plenty (2008), Invisible Hand (2012), Kiss (2015), Laocoon (2003), Le Foot (2015), Lebensborn (2013), Milkman (2015), Panta Rhei (2011), Pantokrator (2015), Philosopher (2017), Power Hammer (2014), Statistocrat (2015), Steam Hammer House (2014), The Cube (2007), The Sower (2018), Tree of Life (2016), Utopia (2020), Vice (2014), Waterwagon (2007), Wellness Skull (2007) and Weltmeister (2010)
‘Hagioscoop’, MDD Museum, Deinze (BE)
26 July 2020 – May 2021
From 26 July to 18 October 2020, MDD, Museum of Deinze and the Leie Region (Mudel) and Roger Raveel Museum, join forces to present the 7th edition of the Biennial of Painting. Under the title Binnenskamers (Inner Spaces) – a title chosen long before the corona crisis – the Biennial is an exciting opportunity to discover a wide selection of modern and recent paintings from Belgium and internationally. The works included in the Biennial depict an equally wide range of inner spaces, among them the studio, the domestic interior and the inner realm of the imagination. Yet the theme also speaks to the stunning natural landscape of the Leie region. As there can be no inside without outside, Biennial visitors can enjoy the works on display as well as the inspiring surroundings of Deinze, Deurle, Machelen-Zulte and Latem. AVL’s Hagioscoop is on view until May, 2021.
Atelier Van Lieshout artwork on display: Hagioscoop (2012)
‘The Clock Which Will Solve Every Problem in the World’, Kunstraum Dornbirn (AT)
3 September 2020 – 8 November 2020
We are all going to die. The end is near. Second by second The Pendulum reminds us of our mortality. The giant time piece is like a hibernating bear: beautiful and perhaps even endearing, but deadly nonetheless. Its sound is more a hypnotic pulse than a nervous ticking; every 15 minutes a hammer striking a gas cylinder sounds an industrial death knell.
The Pendulum consists of an elaborate system of cogs which is powered by two suspended pallets carrying cement bags that weigh some 1,000 kilos. The counterweights are attached to the roof of the exhibition space, making it part of the work and physically encapsulating visitors in time, the building becomes a part of the clock.
Jahngasse 9, A – 6850 Dornbirn, Austria
Sneak preview: press here for a video of Pendulum (2019)
‘What is Our Home?’, IVAM, Valencia (ES)
16 July 2020 – 21 January 2021
The What is Our Home? exhibition grew out of an interest in striking up a dialogue, in forging a connection and affinity between the collections of IVAM and of MAXXI, Rome. With this goal in mind, we have brought together a group of works from the collection of the Italian museum (Ilya & Emilia Kabakov, Francis Alys, Jana Sterbak, Mario Merz, Alfredo Jaar, Kara Walker, William Kentridge, Atelier Van Lieshout and Teddy Cruz) with some major works from the IVAM collection (Bruce Nauman, Gabriele Basilico and Richard Hamilton). Their common ground is a concern with the inhabited and social space, a questioning of the city, the home, the community, or the personal sanctuary.
The exhibition seeks to understand how spaces mark time and are linked to a place’s memory. We present a group of works and large installations that seem to be an accumulation of places with varying degrees of closeness and disconnectedness, and which draw attention to the fragmentation of the human experience, to the inability to comprehend the social whole and to the imperfection of knowledge.
In addition, What is Our Home? wishes to talk about those people who feel like strangers no matter where they are, as they come to feel that their existence unfolds, somewhat anxiously, in cities that they no longer recognize and in urban spaces in which they have no place or space. And so, in the exhibition we find a group of ideas and projects that understand architecture as a structure that condenses a physical world; as the desire to build a place (a haven, a sanctuary, a house, a home…) defined by the people that use it, as if it were a (more or less free) version of ourselves.
Guillem de Castro, 118
46003 Valencia, Spain
‘Boijmans Drive-Thru Museum’, Ahoy, Rotterdam (NL)
1 August 2020 – 23 August 2020
Rotterdam Ahoy and Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen developed an unique, corona-proof project. Ahoy makes its location available, Boijmans the artworks; together they make a special experience. More than forty works from the collection are displayed in the 10,000 m2 event hall; 750 visitors per day drive in electric cars through the Drive-thru Museum.
The Boijmans Ahoy Drive-Thru Museum has been created in response to the 1.5-metre social-distancing rule and highlights the current tension between man and nature. The world we have created it is under pressure, and nature is demanding more space. Despite its microscopic size, the virus has unleashed great chaos, bringing everything to a standstill and revealing our vulnerability and the limits of existence. We have fallen back upon our most basic needs and retreated into the groups in which we feel safest. Art can offer us comfort and help us to put things into perspective, and it can also show us the unpredictable and fickle nature of human existence. This exhibition explores the boundary between humanity and the forces of nature. You drive through the space, experiencing everything from the safe cocoon of your own car. Once inside the show there is only one direction and it is straight ahead.
The exhibition is based on an idea by Ted Noten. It features world-famous works from the collection of Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen and installations by contemporary artists that reflect on how people relate to their natural environment. Boijmans Ahoy Drive-Thru Museum brings together works by Ted Noten, Oskar Kokoschka, Bas Jan Ader, Melanie Smith, Paul McCarthy, Bruce Nauman, Ugo Rondinone, Cyprien Gaillard, Joep van Lieshout, Wieki Somers and Jim Shaw, and installations by Bas Princen, Trenton Doyle Hancock, Anselm Kiefer, Olaf Nicolai and Marijke van Warmerdam.
‘Life During Wartime’, USF Art Museum, Online
6 June 2020 – 12 December 2020
The online exhibition Life During Wartime: art in the Age of Coronavirus humbly engages a select company of international artists to respond to the overwhelming realities of the crisis that has gripped the planet since March 5, the date the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a global pandemic. The exhibition takes full advantage of one of the few outlets artists still have—the Internet—during a public health emergency recently exacerbated by the wanton murder of George Floyd by police officers in Minneapolis. It aims to mobilize sentiment, thought and activity around art and its enduring possibilities: its role as a conceptual catalyst, its ability to trigger ideas, stories, conversations, emotions, feelings and mental states. Separately and together, each artist contribution provides a picture of a planet in crisis, now further enraged and victimized by violence, but also images of hope and optimism in the face of a global emergency.
Much More Time.
Back to Basics.
– Joep van Lieshout
‘Two Years’ Vacation, FRAC Lorraine, Metz (FR)
23 July 2020 – 24 January 2021
Under a title that evokes a kind of permanent summer, the exhibition at FARC Lorraine presents a reflection between the work of the artist Céline Condorelli (lives and works in London) and a selection of works from the collections of Frac Alsace, Frac Champagne-Ardenne, and Frac Lorraine.
Atelier Van Lieshout artworks on view: Autocraat (1998), Masterplan (1998), Commune Bed (1998, on image) and Untitled (1998).
‘(UN)REAL’, Science Gallery, Rotterdam (NL)
3 April – 29 November 2020
What is real, and how are you sure it is so? Can you be confident in your perceptions when so many experiences are digital or influenced by the changing chemistry and architecture of your brain? Science Gallery Rotterdam at Erasmus MC invites you to engage with art projects that respond to this fertile terrain between the actual and the perceived.
Atelier Van Lieshout’s Food Processor (2015) is part of the group exhibition (UN)REAL. This work is a hybrid human-machine species, one united entity, that can take leftovers and process them with microbes and enzymes to produce new, recycled superfood. It is a technocratic, capitalist dream come true, and a triumph, in collaboration with science: the food of the future.
View the online exhibition via this link
‘Online Viewing Room’, Art Basel 2020
18 June 2020 – 26 June 2020
Galería OMR virtually exhibits Atelier Van Lieshout’s The Burghers, 2013 during this year’s online edition of Art Basel. The sculpture symbolizes the ever-present human dilemma: the choice between the known and the unknown, between security and insecurity, between tradition and progress. The figures represent the different emotions that people go through in a time of conflict: heroism, fear, rebellion, survival, escape, loneliness – a mass of humans, insecure, doubtful and chaotic.
Press here for Galería OMR’s online viewing room
Galerie Krinzinger virtually exhibits Atelier Van Lieshout’s Venus, 2010. The sculpture is inspired by the prehistorical Venus sculpture. This ancient goddess and mother figure refers to idolatry, fertility and primitive society in which women played a considerably more important if not dominant role.
Press here for Galerie Krinzinger’s viewing room
‘Uomo Analyticus’, AVL Mundo, Rotterdam (NL)
4 October 2019 – 1 July 2020
During COVID-19 it’s still possible to visit ‘Uomo Analyticus’ under strict conditions. More information about the exhibition and the current guidelines via this link.
‘Uomo Analyticus’ can both mean ‘the analyzing human’ and ‘a human analyzed’. How do we live? How are we made? How do we process and get processed? This exhibition focusses on the core theme of Atelier Van Lieshout’s practice: dissecting systems, be it society as a whole or the human body. Atelier Van Lieshout looks at the human body as the ultimate system and an everlasting source of inspiration.
Uomo Analyticus is organised by Foundation AVL Mundo in collaboration with Science Gallery Rotterdam.
AVL Mundo Sculpture Park
Keileweg 18, Rotterdam (NL)
Mon – Fri, 09:00 – 17:00
‘Reality is Not What it Seems’, Jousse Entreprise, Paris (FR)
29 February 2020 – 6 June 2020
Reality Is Not What It Seems at Galerie Jousse Entreprise is an exhibition dealing with drawing, in its broadest sense, somewhere between frottage, collage, sewing on paper, printing, and graphic design. Fresh from the studio, sketches illustrate artistic lines of thinking and transport viewers into the intimacy of creation. A form of de- compartmentalization that is also at work in these video artists who, unusually, appropriate the paper medium to transcribe inner visions, and study the boundaries of our perception of the world. All so many approaches like sidesteps opening up to new perspectives, towards a reality which is not what it seems.
Atelier Van Lieshout artworks on display: Untitled (2002), Sportopia (2002), The Womb (2003) and Masterplan (1998).
More info here
‘State of Extremes’, Design Museum, Holon (IL)
11 December 2019 – 31 December 2020
We live in a state of extremes. Extreme weather, as a result of climate change, is both scorching and inundating the planet with record temperatures, unprecedented wildfires and ever more frequent and severe droughts, storms and floods. Meanwhile, extreme ideologies and political positions are being amplified by the media’s news cycles and the echo chamber of the Internet, further polarizing societies already inflamed by extreme, and growing, inequality and resentments. Extremes breed more extremes, creating self-reinforcing cycles of pushback and backlash, and fueling spiraling feedback loops of increasing intensity.
More info via this link
‘The Time is Now’, Carpenters Workshop Gallery, Online exhibition
17 April 2020 – 8 May 2020
Time is money. Time is fleeting. Time is precious. Time heals. Time is of the essence. Time is an illusion. We make time. We take time. We spend time. We race against time. We fight time. We try to control it – speeding it up, slowing it down. It’s just a matter of time.
The Time is Now is an online group exhibition curated by Carpenters Workshop Gallery. Atelier Van Lieshout’s works speak to the necessity or “time” for change, symbolizing a hope for a revolution of consciousness and the awakening of more mindful beings. AVL continually investigates the cycles of life that are born through the passage of time and the end or destruction of systems; while his clock sculpture Pendulum is designed to destroy and change so as to make way for the potential of new beginnings, his scepter-like Walking Stick 5 Hourglass reflects on the path to the future. Another AVL artwork on display: Pipe Bomb Clock (2019).
Press here for a link to the online exhibition
‘The Good, The Bad and The Ugly’, CWG, New York (USA)
Temporarily closed until further notice to help contain the spread of Coronavirus (COVID-19)
4 March 2020 – 25 April 2020
The tropes and aesthetics of Sergio Leone’s film The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) have inspired much of the identity Joep Van Lieshout invented for his art practice. From frontier independence and a Darwinian survival-of-the-fittest, to heightened gender roles and violent tonal shifts — the film has become an apt lens through which to view the perspectives he sculpts. Atelier Van Lieshout’s solo exhibition is titled The Good, The Bad and The Ugly and opens Wednesday March 4th at Carpenters Workshop Gallery New York.
Artworks on display: Minimal Kiss Lamp, Bambino Lamp, Humanoid, Domestikator Lamp, Jewel, Venus Lamp, Technocrat Bronze Coffee Table, Embrace, Deer Lamp and others. Full works list here.
Carpenters Workshop Gallery
693 Fifth Avenue, New York (USA)
‘Falckenberg Collection’, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg (DE)
30 November 2019 – 24 May 2020
On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the Falckenberg Collection, the Deichtorhallen Hamburg is presenting a comprehensive exhibition from 30 November 2019 to 24 May 2020 which will focus on installations and sculptures from the collection. The exhibition features some100 works by over 60 internationally renowned artists.
Atelier Van Lieshout artwork on display: Hanging Michelangelo (2004).
‘Recover/Uncover’, Masa Galeria, Mexico City (MX)
Temporarily closed until further notice to help contain the spread of Coronavirus (COVID-19)
6 February 2020 – 8 April 2020
Recover/Uncover examines the convention of taxonomy as an organizational exercise that reveals its own ambiguities. With newly commissioned, unique and limited-edition pieces by designers and artists whose inquiries defy strict categorization, MASA Galeria introduces for consideration a set of binaries other than purpose and expression, celebrating contradiction as a reflection of the ongoing process of becoming and self-definition. The pieces exist along a spectrum of indeterminates rather than at a stasis, defying strict archetypes and presenting objects as tools for living, contemplation and, most of all, reconciliation.
A Confrontation of Ideals’, Anren Biennale, Anren (CN)
12 October 2019 – 12 February 2020
Atelier Van Lieshout exhibits The Mechanical Turks (2015) at the Anren Biennale, China. The Biennial entitled, A Confrontation of Ideals is the second to take place in the historic city of Chengdu in Sichuan province, examining questions concerning humane, civilized community while sharing artists’ thoughts and efforts to deal with the complex realities of the world. The two automaton heads in The Mechanical Turks argue with one another in an accompanying audio work about whether to become Modernists or Primitivists.
Anren Szechuan, Chengdu, China